India – Land and People

Bound on the north by Afghanistan, China, Nepal, and Bhutan; on the south by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar and the Indian Ocean; on the east by Bangladesh, Myanmar and the Bay of Bengal; and on the west by the Arabian Sea and Pakistan, India is surrounded by a diverse variety of neighbors. In a nut shell, in the south is the upland plain, alias the Deccan Plateau; then the land is flat to plain along the Ganges; in the West are the deserts and the North is home to the gigantic Himalayas.

India is a land where rich culture thrives and a diverse population lives in harmony. India is the land which gave rise to the Indus Valley Civilization, in the process inheriting a civilization that began more than 4,500 years ago. Being a secular country, the people of India practice all types of religions and speak more than 20 major languages and over 1,000 minor languages and dialects.

Coming to the climate, India experiences tropical or subtropical climate, so there is always some variation in temperature in different seasons in different parts of the country.

India has a variety of natural resources. Coal, Iron Ore, Manganese, Mica, Bauxite, Titanium Ore, Chromite, Natural Gas, Diamonds, Petroleum, Limestone are found here.

India is also home to varied species of flora and fauna. The flora of India is constituted by over 45,000 species of plants while fauna is made up of around 5,000 species of larger animals, which includes tigers, elephants, rhinoceros, black bear, wolf, jackal, wild buffalo, monkeys and so on.

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